How to Apply for FMLA in Montana In 6 Easy Steps

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How to Request FMLA in Montana

Are you expecting (or adopting) a child? If so, you need to know your rights regarding . Understanding your rights can help you negotiate with your employer for both paid and unpaid leave.

DoNotPay can help you navigate this difficult and often confusing landscape. We can help you request parental leave in Montana and other states, including:

Who is Eligible for Parental Leave in Montana?

Unfortunately, Montana does not require employees to provide any kind of parental leave to fathers or adoptive parents. Montana does require a reasonable leave of absence for pregnancy or childbirth-related health conditions. This typically includes six weeks for a normal pregnancy and delivery. However, this leave may well come out of accrued added donated sick time or other time off. In most cases, new parents will have to take at least some unpaid leave.

Parents who did not go through pregnancy may be eligible for unpaid leave under the federal .

Paid Parental Leave in Montana

Montana has no subsidized paid parental leave system. Parents are at the mercy of their employers when it comes to getting leave. You will have to use either accrued vacation time and sick days or unpaid FMLA leave.

What is the FMLA?

The Family and Medical Leave Act is intended to protect employees by providing up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave per year without the risk of losing their job or health benefits.

Not everyone is covered by FMLA. It applies only to companies with 50 or more employees. However, this unpaid leave is available to anyone who has a newborn child or is in the process of adopting a child. In the latter case, you can take the leave when your child enters your home. FMLA leave must be taken within one year of the birth or adoption.

To be covered by FMLA you need to have been at your job for at least 12 months and to have worked at least 1,250 hours. The act also covers all public agencies and all elementary and secondary schools.

Needless to say, unpaid leave is not ideal. However, the act does ensure that you can take a reasonable amount of time off to recover from giving birth or to welcome your child.

How to Apply for FMLA

You must notify your employer right away when you know you will need leave. For predictable circumstances, such as pregnancy, you are expected to give at least 30 days of notice when applying for FMLA leave. Your employer must notify you whether you are eligible for FMLA within five business days of the request.

Your employer is allowed to request medical certification, that is to say, a doctor's note. This note must include certain information such as how long your condition is expected to last. Many employers will not request certification for a pregnancy. Obviously, medical certification should not be requested for adoption. Some employers might use this to try and deny leave.

You do not have to share a medical diagnosis. Montana has no state-specific requirements for applying for FMLA leave.

How to Request Parental Leave on Your Own

If you are requesting parental leave you will need to talk to your employer's HR department. FMLA leave does not necessarily exempt from your employer's normal requirements. You should follow the following procedures.

  1. Put together any documentation. For example, you may want a note from your doctor that gives the approximate due date, so that postpartum leave can be requested well in advance. If adopted OK, you will need to know that your employer know when the child will be arriving as much in advance as possible. Your employer may reasonably request to say adoption paperwork. However, your employer does not need to know the actual diagnosis of pregnancy complications.
  2. Follow your employer's procedures for requesting leave. If your employer does not have these procedures, you will need to talk to HR. Put together a letter explaining why you are requesting leave, when you will be requesting that leave, and referring to the FMLA. Alternatively, fill out any FMLA forms your employer gives you.
  3. For pregnancy-related concerns talk to your doctor about medical certification in case your employer asks for it.

Your employer may only deny leave if there is a good reason. Make sure you are eligible before applying for leave. Bear in mind that if you were asking for leave ahead of time early in the pregnancy, you may actually be eligible for FMLA by the time of the birth. Be ready to point this out.

However, some employers will attempt to deny leave. If this is the case then things will become much more complicated.

Next Steps for Requesting Parental Leave in Montana if You Can't Do It Yourself

If your employer is being difficult or, perhaps, has absolutely no protocols for filing an FMLA claim for parental leave then you will probably need help.

At this point, you have few options other than to hire a lawyer. This can be difficult and expensive and negatively impact your relationship with your employer in the long term. You may also have to be ready to call a lawyer if you discover after the leave that your employer will not restore you to an equivalent position.

Request Parental Leave in Montana With the Help of DoNotPay

Fortunately, there is a better solution than expensive help. DoNotPay is the perfect solution to your issues requesting parental leave. We make the process easy and straight forward.

How to request parental leave using DoNotPay:

If you want to request parental leave but don't know where to start, DoNotPay has you covered in 6 easy steps:

  1. Tell us which state you work in (if you work in CA, NY, NJ, MA, WA, or DC, your state has a paid family leave program).

  2. Choose whether you want us to apply to the program for you or contact your employer with your leave request. If you want to apply for the program, we will walk you through the questions on the form and mail the application form for you.

  3. If you want us to contact your employer, enter your leave details, including the starting date, number of weeks of leave, and how many weeks of paid leave you are requesting (for example, you may take a 12 week leave, but only request 8 weeks of paid leave to make the request reasonable).

  4. Indicate whether you are the birth parent or not (birth parents have a few additional protections).

  5. Enter the name of your company and the person to address this request to.

  6. Select whether you want us to email the request to your employer on your behalf.

Why Use DoNotPay to Request Parental Leave in Montana

Requesting parental leave can be annoying and complicated. Not doing it correctly can result in getting into an argument with your employer or even having to get a lawyer. DoNotPay is:

FastYou don't have to spend hours trying to apply for parental leave.
EasyYou don't have to struggle to fill out tedious forms or keep track of all the steps involved in requesting parental leave.
SuccessfulYou can rest assured knowing we'll make the best case for you.

Use DoNotPay to quickly request parental leave and be sure that your request will be granted.

What Else Can DoNotPay Do?

As the world's first AI Consumer Champion, DoNotPay can help with all kinds of difficult and tedious issues. Let us help you with your other problems such as:

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