Find Out What Sick Employee Rights Apply to You
Sick employees do have rights, but understanding them within the complicated framework of the U.S. legislation is no easy feat. There are almost no federal paid sick leave laws, but some states have their own sick leave rules that apply to all eligible employees within the state.
We'll look into the sick employee rights for each of these cases and show you how DoNotPay can help you if you feel too sick to work.
What Are the Sick Employee Rights Under the FMLA?
The Department of Labor's Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is an unpaid sick leave policy that provides eligible employees protection during unpaid time off. Based on this law, an employee can request leave to care for:
- A newly arrived child—whether by birth, adoption, or foster care
- A direct family member with serious health problems
- Themselves if they’re suffering from a severe health problem that impairs their ability to work
- A member of the family who is a servicemember on active duty
The FMLA establishes the following rights:
- An employee can take up to 12 weeks off in a 12-month period to care for themselves or direct family members with serious health issues
- They can take up to 26 weeks off in a 12-month period if the direct family member is an eligible servicemember
- Employees that fall under the FMLA criteria cannot be coerced back to work by their employers while still sick
- Employees cannot be fired by their employers for taking sick days under the FMLA
- An employee can sue their employer if they are fired while being sick
Employer and Employee Qualifications Under the FMLA
The FMLA covers only the employers and employees who meet specific criteria. An employee that meets all eligibility checks can count on the FMLA-based sick employee rights only if the company they work for is also eligible. The table explains the types of employers and employees covered by the FMLA:
|FMLA Eligibility Requirements|
Different States and Their Sick Leave Laws
States and counties across the country have developed, are developing, or have expanded their own paid sick leave laws for employees that call in sick—mostly influenced by COVID-19 and the Emergency Paid Sick Leave Act.
The table below contains our guides to the laws of the following states and cities:
|Washington D.C.||Rhode Island||Michigan||North Carolina|
DoNotPay's Custom Letter Is Perfect for Requesting Sick Leave
Email templates for requesting sick leave can be easily found on the internet, but they are not reliable or specific enough. You can count on DoNotPay's AI-powered app whenever you need to request time off when you’re sick and need to stay professional.
To get your personalized sick leave request letter, take the following steps:
- and find the Sick Leave Request tool
- Choose the state your company operates in so DoNotPay can check for applicable sick leave laws
- Answer our chatbot's questions about your employer and enter the number of days you'll need for sick leave
- Choose whether to have our AI app email the letter to your employer on your behalf
What About Other Perks Our App Offers?
DoNotPay offers valuable assistance with the following tasks:
- Legal matters, such as:
- Suing someone in small claims tribunal
- Filing appeals for traffic citations, such as parking or seatbelt fines
- Drafting legal documents, including revocable living trusts, divorce settlement agreements, and child travel consent forms
- Reporting workplace discrimination
- Safeguarding your creations with copyrights
- Lowering your education-associated costs by:
- Locating lost items and unclaimed money
- Creating burner phone numbers and virtual credit cards
- Claiming insurance and warranties from different companies
DoNotPay Cares About Health Matters
Finding suitable and verified clinical trials you can participate in is often complicated and time-consuming. Still, with DoNotPay, it becomes a breeze! Our platform allows you to search through clinical trial databases and apply for the ones that seem acceptable to you.
If you want to make sure your health wishes are honored if you get too sick, we help you compose an advance health care directive based on your preferences. That’s not all—you can also name a person who can decide on your finances and estate if you get incapacitated by creating a power of attorney in our app!