All About the MD State Tax Assessment for Real Property

Reducing Property Taxes All About the MD State Tax Assessment for Real Property

MD State Tax Assessment for Real Property Summed Up

Taxes are a fact of life, but if there is a way to reduce the amount you have to pay, you should know about it.

Your starting point is understanding what a tax assessment is. We have looked at the MD state tax assessment for real property process and come up with these insights to help you.


What Is a Real Property Assessment?

A real property assessment is an estimation of the value of a property. It is used as the basis for calculating property tax, which is collected by a state and used to fund local government amenities such as the police, fire service, or street lighting.

How Do the Maryland Property Tax Assessments Work?

Maryland’s Department of Assessments and Taxation (DAT) assesses property values for its two million properties every three years, administering the process through its network of 24 State assessment offices.

The assessments aim to find a fair market value for each property using one of three methods:

Approach Explanation

Sales comparison approach

This is a comparison of the property with other similar properties in the area that have sold recently

Cost approach

The cost approach attempts to estimate what a property would cost to build at today’s prices

Income approach

The income a property generates is used to estimate a fair value. This approach is typically used for commercial properties

Once your property has been assessed, the Maryland DAT informs you of any changes and passes the results on to local governments that apply the correct tax rates and create a property tax bill.

What Are the Due Dates for MD Property Tax Assessments?

Successfully filing a claim for reassessment depends on meeting deadlines. Here are the key annual property tax deadlines in Maryland:

Date Action

July–August

Property tax bills issued

September 30

Annual tax bill or semi-annual first installment due

October–November

Property assessments

By December 15

Notification of changes to assessments

March 31

Semi-annual second installment due

How Can I Lower My Property Tax Assessment in Maryland?

The most common ways to reduce your property tax liability are avoiding home improvement projects, making sure your tax bill is accurate, and being present while the assessment is taking place. There are some methods specific to Maryland that may be of use to you:

  1. Looking for property tax exemptions
  2. Appealing your tax assessment

Looking for Property Tax Exemptions

You may be eligible for property tax exemptions or credits based on your personal circumstances. These options are listed below.

Appealing Your Tax Assessment

If you feel your property tax assessment is unfair, you can appeal it. We have given you tips on the appeals process below.

What Are the MD Property Tax Exemptions?

If you fall under the following categories, you may qualify for a tax credit or exemption that can reduce your tax bill:

Exemption Type Explanation

Senior tax credit

This is available to homeowners aged 65 or older for whom the property is their main residence

Income-based tax credit

Homeowners can seek a tax credit if their property tax bill exceeds a certain percentage of their annual gross income, which must be below $60,000. The full sliding scale can be found here

Homestead tax credit

Large increases in your assessments are applied in phases that are limited to a maximum of 10% each year

Renters’ tax credit

Renters who meet certain requirements can apply for tax credits, as the state feels that they already pay property tax through their rent

Veterans’ tax exemption

Veterans with 100% disability and some veterans’ spouses may qualify for full property tax exemption in Maryland

DoNotPay Helps You Reduce Your Maryland Property Tax Bill

Property tax can be confusing at the best of times, but DoNotPay is here to help. Use our tips, and you will find your property tax woes can become a thing of the past.

Our app features a Property Tax tool that can create a customized guide to how you can reduce your property tax bill. The guide comes with two sections:

Property Tax Exemptions Property Assessment Appeals
  • Information about Maryland’s property tax exemptions that may apply to you
  • Guidelines for the paperwork you must submit
  • Instructions on how to submit your application
  • How to negotiate with a property assessor
  • Guidelines for lodging an assessment appeal

How Do I Get DoNotPay’s Property Tax Guide?

Getting our guide is easy and quick. Simply follow these instructions:

  1. Sign up for DoNotPay in any web browser and locate the Property Tax feature
  2. Answer the questions about yourself and your property
  3. Wait for the app to generate your personalized guide to property tax reductions

Can I Appeal Maryland Property Tax Assessments?

If you feel your assessment is unfair, you can appeal it. This should only be done as a last resort, though.

You can lodge an appeal on three occasions, namely:

  • When you receive an assessment notice—this will usually be in December
  • By a petition for review
  • If you purchase a property between January 1 and June 30

An appeal in Maryland can proceed in the following ways:

  1. Personal hearing
  2. Phone hearing
  3. Written appeal

Written appeals mean you do not need to attend a hearing or phone in, and written appeals are usually given priority.

You can view the full details of the Maryland property tax appeals process here.

You can lodge an appeal at any one of the 24 local assessment offices, a list of which can be found here.

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