Understanding Jury Duty—How Often You Must Serve?

The Ins and Outs of Jury Duty—How Often Can You Be Summoned?

Just received a jury duty summons even though you served on a jury recently? You may wonder how often you will be called to serve, especially since trials may not always line up with your work or schedule.

In this article, we will tell you all about jury duty and how often you will be summoned. The first step to preparing for jury duty will be sending a leave request letter to your boss. If you struggle with writing the letter, .

How Often Can You Serve on a Jury?

Under federal regulation, a citizen must not serve jury duty more than once every two years. This requirement varies on a state level, with some states allowing each citizen to be included in jury pool selection once a year. Some states, like Massachusetts and Connecticut, allow a three-year gap between services.

What Makes a Citizen Eligible for Jury Duty?

An individual is considered eligible to serve on a jury if they satisfy the following criteria:

  • A United States citizen
  • At least 18 years of age
  • Proficient in verbal and written English
  • No disqualifying physical or mental conditions
  • No history of being convicted of a felony (must have restored civil rights)

Every year, a list of eligible candidates is compiled from various public records, such as the driver’s license registry and tax return database. A computer chooses a number of names from this list at random, which is why some people get picked several times over the years.

After the candidates in question finish their services, their names will be taken out of the jury pool until they are allowed to serve again. This process ensures a fresh pool of jurors each year and minimizes the inconvenience of being summoned too often.

What Happens When You Receive a Summons?

You will go through a selection process to prove your impartiality. During the examination, attorneys will ask you a series of questions about your beliefs, background, prejudices, and relations to the case.

If you pass the selection, the court will notify you of the trial date, and you must be present for the entirety of the proceeding.

You will be paid for attending the selection day and for the number of days you serve. While the amount differs from one state to another, expect to receive anywhere between $5 and $40. Federal jurors’ compensation ranges from $50 to $60 per day.

Who Can Be Exempt From Jury Duty?

You can postpone or decline a summons if your circumstances prevent you from serving. The exemption policy varies depending on the state and county but typically applies to:

  • Military personnel
  • Seniors over a certain age (usually 65–70 and above)
  • Essential service workers
  • Breastfeeding mothers
  • Full-time students
  • People with disabilities or other debilitating conditions
  • Elected officials

Skipping jury duty without notice or a valid reason will lead to legal repercussions.

Can My Employer Fire Me for Missing Work Due to Jury Duty?

No, both federal statute and statewide regulations prohibit employers from firing or penalizing jurors during their service. Some states also require companies to grant paid leave for jury duty.

You have to notify your employer when you receive a summons, which you can do by sending them a jury duty leave request letter.

Draft and Send a Jury Duty Leave Request Letter in a Snap With DoNotPay

If you’re struggling to create a formal letter to inform your employer about your summons and request time off from work, you can rely on DoNotPay to do the work for you. To do so, follow these steps:

  1. Locate the Request Jury Duty Leave tool
  2. Answer our chatbot’s questions
  3. Upload your summons and submit the form

Your letter will be ready in minutes. You can choose whether you want to:

  1. Send the letter to your employer on your own
  2. Mail the letter quickly through our app

Jury Duty Guides by State

If you are curious about how jury duty works in your state, you can consult one of our articles below:

MarylandNorth CarolinaPennsylvania
New York StateNew JerseyTennessee
ColoradoWashington StateMissouri
MassachusettsSouth CarolinaUtah
West VirginiaLouisianaIowa
HawaiiNew MexicoMississippi
MaineNebraskaNew Hampshire
Rhode IslandDelawareMontana
WyomingAlaskaSouth Dakota
VermontNorth DakotaDistrict of Columbia

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