Employment Discrimination Cases That Set Precedents

Fight Workplace Discrimination Employment Discrimination Cases That Set Precedents

Compare Your Case to Employment Discrimination Cases That Have Already Been Fought and Won

Anti-discrimination laws in the U.S have been around since the early 1960s and offer you comprehensive protection against workplace discrimination.

No law is complete until it has been tested in court, though, so DoNotPay is here to help you understand what kind of discrimination lawsuits are trending at the moment and how past cases can influence your situation.

The Legal Landscape Around Discrimination

Ask any discrimination lawyer what the most important laws protecting you against workplace discrimination are, and they will list the following:


Anti-Discrimination Law Explanation
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 This is the cornerstone of anti-discrimination law and protects employees against discrimination due to:

Title VII also protects employees against discrimination in the form of:

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA) As an amendment to the Civil Rights Act, the ADEA stipulates that discrimination against employees over 40 is illegal
The Equal Pay Act of 1963 The equal pay act was the first law to enshrine the concept of equal pay for equal work and make wage discrimination between the sexes illegal
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) The PDA prohibited discrimination against women due to pregnancy, childbirth, or related illness
Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) The ADA guarantees fair treatment in the workplace for people with disabilities

LGBTQ discrimination—although not specifically mentioned in the above laws—is covered under the sex discrimination clauses of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.

Which Cases Were the Most Influential?

Several landmark cases have been tried since the introduction of the above anti-discrimination laws. These are the most important examples of employment discrimination cases:

  1. Griggs vs. Duke Power Co. (1971)
  2. Cleveland Board of Education vs. Lafleur (1974)
  3. Meritor Savings Bank vs. Vinson (1986)
  4. Johnson vs. Transportation Agency (1987)
  5. Price Waterhouse vs. Hopkins (1989)
  6. Burlington Industries vs. Ellerth (1998)
  7. Oncale vs. Sundowner Offshore Services (1998)
  8. EEOC vs. Abercrombie and Fitch Store (2015)

Griggs vs. Duke Power Co. (1971)

This case prohibited employers from setting education requirements and using intelligence tests to exclude African American candidates from successful job applications.

Cleveland Board of Education vs. Lafleur (1974)

The court ruled in this case that the Cleveland education board could not enforce mandatory maternity leave on female employees.

Meritor Savings Bank vs. Vinson (1986)

This was the first case to uphold the idea that a hostile environment caused by sexual harassment constituted a breach of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.

Johnson vs. Transportation Agency (1987)

The county transportation agency in question was found guilty of having used the plaintiff’s sex as a reason for not promoting her.

Price Waterhouse vs. Hopkins (1989)

Price Waterhouse was found guilty of having used sex stereotypes to discriminate against female employees.

Burlington Industries vs. Ellerth (1998)

This case showed that an employee who refused a supervisor’s sexual advances could claim damages from the company even though she suffered no job consequences as a result of the refusal.

Oncale vs. Sundowner Offshore Services (1998)

The court found that discrimination consisting of same-sex harassment was a valid basis for a claim against the employer.

EEOC vs. Abercrombie and Fitch Stores (2015)

This case proved that a job applicant does not have to disclose any requirements based on religious grounds before starting employment, and the employer must grant an accommodation for the employee to practice their religion freely.

These discrimination cases in the workplace all had a significant influence on how future lawsuits would be decided.

If you are experiencing discrimination, some of these cases may be relevant to your situation.

What Kinds of Discrimination Cases Are Trending?

The Equal Employment Opportunities Commission (EEOC) published the following breakdown of discrimination charges filed in 2020:

Type of Discrimination Number of Cases Percentage of Total Cases
Retaliation 37,632 55,8%
Disability 24,324 36,1%
Race 22,064 32,7%
Sex 21,398 31,7%
Age 14,183 21,0%
National 6,377 9,5%
Color 3,562 5,3%
Religion 2,404 3,6%
Equal Pay Act 980 1,5%
Genetic Information 440 0,7%

What Does This Mean for You?

If you feel you are a victim of discrimination in the workplace, you are not alone, and the law is on your side.

If you have already checked your company’s anti-discrimination policy, approached management or your HR department, and done everything possible internally to resolve the issue, your next step is to file a complaint—known as a charge of discrimination—with the EEOC.

This can be a time-consuming process, but don’t worry—DoNotPay can help you lodge your complaint in a flash!

How Can DoNotPay Help?

DoNotPay can get your charge of discrimination filed in a few clicks—here’s what you need to do:

  1. Navigate to DoNotPay in your web browser and sign up
  2. Use the search bar to find our Fight Workplace Discrimination product
  3. Follow the prompts to give us the details of your case

And that’s it—your charge will be lodged with the nearest EEOC office. They will investigate your case and let you know how best to proceed.

DoNotPay Is on Your Side

Is the discrimination you’re facing at work turning into proper harassment or even stalking? Are you considering suing your manager or colleague in small claims court? These unpleasant situations usually require lawyers, but they come with hefty fees.

DoNotPay is a powerful AI-powered app that can lead you through a small claims court case against anyone or serve them with a cease-and-desist letter. If discrimination turns into a hate crime, we can help you file for crime victims compensation or make a claim on your insurance.

Whenever you need to draft, fax, or mail legal paperwork, you can open our platform and use our fast and reliable tools for that. With our help, you can even have your documents notarized by an online notary!

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