California Discrimination Laws Set the Standard in the U.S.
California has long been known as one of the most employee-friendly states in the USA.
If you are an employee in a Californian company, you enjoy protection that goes beyond what many other states offer.
Employers in the Golden State are subject to strict state laws prohibiting workplace discrimination.
DoNotPay has all the info you need on California discrimination laws—here is our rundown of how California protects you.
Federal anti-discrimination laws apply in California as they do in every state.
The key federal laws that govern anti-discrimination policy in the workplace are:
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
- The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA)
- The Equal Pay Act (1963)
- The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)
- The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA)
California was ahead of the game and had already passed the California Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA) in 1959—four years before the Civil Rights Act was passed.
Over the following decades, the state has added legislation to bring the total of its anti-discrimination laws to 18, covering every aspect of discrimination in everyday life.
Under the FEHA, employees are protected against discrimination based on:
- Race (including hair texture and style)
- Pregnancy, childbirth, and related medical conditions
- Religion (including religious dress and grooming practices)
- Marital status
- Chronic medical conditions
- Genetic information
- National origin
- LGBTQ status
The FEHA and other California employment discrimination laws state that employees are protected against discrimination in the following work scenarios:
|Recruitment||Employers must avoid discrimination in every step of the recruitment process, including:
|Compensation||Every aspect of a company’s compensation should be non-discriminatory, including:
|Working conditions||An employer must apply non-discriminatory practices concerning:
|Leave||All employees must be given equal treatment in leave allocation, including:
|Promotion||All employees have equal opportunities for:
|Firing or termination||Any terminations carried out for disciplinary reasons or because the company is downsizing must be non-discriminatory|
The biggest difference between federal and state law in California is that federal legislation only applies to companies with 15 or more employees. California companies with five employees or more are covered by the FEHA.
The FEHA protects employees from discrimination by prohibiting the three most common areas of discriminatory behavior in companies, namely:
- Disparate treatment
- Disparate impact
Disparate treatment is similar in concept to de jure discrimination, meaning the deliberate use of policies or procedures that discriminate against an individual or a group. An example would be the termination of a pregnant woman while a less-qualified but non-pregnant woman is retained.
Any action that results in discrimination in spite of anti-discrimination policies is considered to have a disparate impact—this is equivalent to de facto discrimination in federal law. Stipulating that a delivery driver must be able to lift a minimum weight may, for example, have a disparate impact against women or people of smaller stature.
Retaliation against employees who have been discriminated against is strictly prohibited under the FEHA—employers must be careful that they are not “seen to be” retaliating against an employee.
Many county courts in California will automatically favor the employee based on the balance of probability in such cases.
If you are experiencing discrimination at work in California, you may be tempted to use the “higher-level” law to protect you. In this case, you may be tempted to contact a discrimination lawyer and launch a lawsuit under federal law.
The truth is that the state of California will use whichever law—state or federal—that offers better protection for the employee.
As a victim of discrimination under either jurisdiction, you have to follow the correct process to enable you to commence private legal action against your employer.
The California organization that enforces state anti-discrimination legislation is the Department of Fair Employment and Housing.
Both organizations work in the same way—after you have lodged your complaint, the DFEH or the EEOC will:
- Inform your employer of the charge
- Investigate the allegations
- Suggest a settlement route, such as:
- State or federal legal action
- Permission for you to pursue private litigation
If you choose to go the federal route and use the EEOC to fight your case, DoNotPay can help you !
DoNotPay can lodge your charge with the EEOC in three easy steps—here’s how:
- in your web browser
- Search for our Fight Workplace Discrimination product
- Fill in the details of your case by following the prompts
That’s all you have to do—the EEOC will contact you to talk through your next steps.
Is the discrimination you’re facing at work turning into proper harassment or even stalking? Are you considering suing your manager or colleague in small claims court? These unpleasant situations usually require lawyers, but they come with hefty fees.
DoNotPay is a powerful AI-powered app that can lead you through a small claims court case against anyone or serve them with a cease-and-desist letter. If discrimination turns into a hate crime, we can help you file for crime victims compensation or make a claim on your insurance.
Whenever you need to draft, fax, or mail legal paperwork, you can open our platform and use our fast and reliable tools for that. With our help, you can even have your documents notarized by an online notary!
If you’ve had enough of that toxic atmosphere at work and want to escape somewhere for a week or two, DoNotPay might turn out to be the perfect travel buddy. Our app won’t do much when you’re drinking cocktails at a beach, but it will do wonders if you run into problems.
We can help you generate a child travel consent form, get airline compensation for canceled or delayed flights, jump the queue when you must contact customer service as soon as possible, or get a refund for all kinds of unsatisfactory purchases.
From fighting discrimination to solving travel woes—that’s how diverse DoNotPay’s portfolio is!